Drilling through the dense surface of a tile can be challenging even if you have plenty of experience drilling into other materials. The glazed veneer may be thin, but it’s slippery and harder than you might expect. If you apply too much pressure, the brittle material can crack and leave you with a tragic mess.
If you plan on mounting a towel rack or toothbrush holder, for instance, you’ll generally need to use wall anchors. That means that drilling into the tile is just the beginning. Once you get through the glaze, you’ll need to tackle the brick, wood or concrete wall behind it without damaging it or expanding the hole too much.
This guide will show you how to use a simple strip of tape to make drilling through tile safer, easier and more precise.
Common Types of Tiles
Some types of tiles are harder than others and require different techniques or tools. If you can find out beforehand what kind of tile you’ll be drilling into, you’ll be better prepared to bring the best drill bit and other necessary materials for the job.
The four most common tile types found in the majority of households are:
- Glazed ceramic tiles – These are found in most older homes. They’re easier to drill into than the other types since the glaze is just a thin glass layer.
- Glass tiles – These are generally used only as an accent. They’re commonly found in newer homes, since they only became popular in the last decade or so.
- Porcelain tiles – Although these look almost like typical ceramic tiles, they’re much denser due to their high silica content as well as the extreme heat used to bake the soft clay into hard porcelain. Drilling into a porcelain tile will need an even harder drill bit than drilling into ceramic or glass. You may also need a bit more preparation before starting and a bit more elbow grease during the job.
- Stone tiles – These are rare, but if you have to drill into one, you’ll need the same specialized drill bit used for porcelain tiles.
Here are a few ways to identify whether your tiles are porcelain or ceramic. Porcelain tiles are generally smoother and heavier than ceramic tiles. They also absorb more water through the sides and base. If you can find a way to check the edge of one of your tiles, look at the coloration. Porcelain tiles tend to keep the same color throughout the whole body, whereas most ceramic tiles have a multi-colored cross section.
What Kind of Drill Bit Should I Use?
Whatever type of tile you have, don’t use an old or dull bit to drill into it. Worn drill bits have a much greater chance of cracking a tile’s surface. Their rotation might be slightly uneven, and you may have to exert more force to drill down than the tile can stand.
Even brand-new standard drill bits have a hard time cutting through glazed surfaces. Regular twist bits designed for metal or wood won’t work well on the fire-hardened glass covering most tiles. You’ll generally need either a masonry drill bit with a carbide tip or a diamond-tipped bit.
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You can use a carbide-tipped drill bit for tile made from ceramic or glass. Carbide is a stronger material than glass and has no problem grinding through most glazes.
If you need to drill through porcelain or stone, however, carbide won’t do the trick. The best drill bit for porcelain tile is the extremely durable diamond-tipped bit. Although diamond-tipped drill bits cost about twice as much as carbide-tipped bits, they won’t burn out or wear down as quickly, and with the right technique, they can get through the hardest materials on earth.
If you’re not sure what kind of material your tile is made from, your best bet is to opt for the more expensive diamond-tipped bit. The higher initial cost is a better long-term investment, especially if you regularly need to cut through hard surfaces.
Tools and Materials to Prepare Beforehand
Besides your drill, screws, wall anchors and the right drill bit for your type of tile, here are a few more tools and materials you might want to have on hand when drilling through tile:
- Painter’s tape or masking tape – Give your bit extra traction when drilling on slippery surfaces.
- Ideal for a variety of surfaces including painted walls, trim, glass, wood and metal
- UV-resistant for safe use on indoor and outdoor projects
- 14-day clean removal without residue, in indirect or no sunlight
- Medium adhesion tape offers good quick-stick with easy removal
- Available in a variety of sizes
- Measuring tape – Make sure you drill your holes in the right location and with the right spacing.
- Measuring range: 0 to 60 inches and 0 to 150 centimeters. There is a centimeter scale on the back, which is accurately printed in inches and centimeters. Both sides can be measured according to your requirements. You can put one in your pocket or backpack without taking up too much space
- Great Material: Tailor Vinyl tape measure won't stretch or deform, provides superior measurement consistence; Soft tape measure, a flexible and portable tape measure, made from soft plastic material, white color
- Operate and Read: Black markings on bright white tape is big enough for you to read, the tape has metal tabs on each end of the cloth tape measure to butt-up against the item your measuring; The metal ends also can prevent fraying
- Wide Application: Cloth tape measure; body tape measure,sewing tape measure,measuring tape tailor. Good sewing tool, accurate tape measuring for sewing, tailoring, body, waist measurement or measuring any curved surface. can provide you accurate measurements, suitable for a seamstress, a crafter, a quilter or whoever just need a flexible measuring tape
- Felt-tip pen, marker or grease pencil – Mark your measurements with something that can write on both tile and tape.
- The Possibilities Are Endless: Whether you’re a fan of DIY arts & crafts, you want to surprise your friends with a thoughtful handmade gift, or you simply need a reliable marking and tracing pen, the Diamond Dotz fat pencils are definitely a must! Ideal for painting, drawing, kids activities, construction and more!
- Superior Compatibility: Our china marker setis designed to work on a variety of surfaces, as well as porous and non-porous materials. Safely use the markers on glass, ceramics, plastic, wood, fabric, metal, stone, leather or vinyl!
- Non-Sharpening Tip:Unlike similar products on the market, our woodless colored pencilssave you the hassle of constantly having to sharpen! Simply peel down the paper wrapping using the built-in string to reveal more tip!
- Convenient Color Pack: The Diamond Dotz grease pencil arrive with 6 bright and beautiful colors, black, white, red, yellow, blue and green You can choose from 6 colors It consists of 12-pack, ideal for your various needs.
- Non-Fading Texture:These wax pensare made with high quality paper and specialized wax, being formulated to ensure a moisture resistant experience without fading off. For erasing, simply wipe with a damp cloth.
- Level – If you’re drilling multiple holes, a level can help you make sure they’re on the same plane.
- Material: Acrylic.
- Size: Diameter: 60mm. Thickness: 12mm.
- Bubble Level.
- Bubble spirit level 60x12mm degree marked surface circular level round levels bubble precision measuring layout tools.
- This 60mm bubble levels measuring layout tool designed to level surfaces in all directions, use for leveling devices, equipment etc.
- Towel – Protect the surfaces underneath your work space from messy particle splatter and provide some padding in case you accidentally drop something heavy.
- 10x GRIP-ROOT WEAVE - TRAP MORE, WORK LESS: Ultra-absorbent microfiber towels Grip Root weave works like PLANT ROOT FOLLICLES, sucking up & LOCKING AWAY 8x to 10x its weight in liquid, particulates, moisture, grime and dirt in far LESS TIME than traditional ‘Heavy Duty’ Cleaning Rags.
- PERFORMANCE OPTIMIZED - WON’T LINT, SCRATCH, PILL, SWIRL, SHED or BLEED like a thin, cheaply made microfiber towels for cars. RAPID DRY release layers make these the ideal microfiber towels for cars, creating that spectacular, SWIRL FREE MIRROR SHINE with our cleaning rags.
- LASTS 1200+ WASHES - That’s 3.27 YEARS worth of use in this 12 pack of COMMERCIAL GRADE 300 GSM microfiber towels. OVERLOCK BRAIDED STITCHING make the ideal ECO FRIENDLY, SUSTAINABLE SOLUTION for cleaning every SURFACE, CRACK & CREVICE in your home, garage or office. MACHINE WASHABLE, Tumble Dry.
- SOAK IT UP FASTER - 4X’s MORE ABSORBENT than COTTON cloths, these are the microfiber cleaning cloth for cars to get if you want an ALL PURPOSE cleaning towels that scoops up your messes, oils and liquids FASTER than a SPONGE, more SANITARILY than your mop and with ZERO DANGEROUS WET SPOTS like your WET VAC.
- UNRIVALED POWER, SATISFACTION GUARANTEE - TEST THIS GRIP-ROOT technology risk free for 30 full days. Love how it LOCKS AWAY dirt, dust, grime, spills and messes better than any other high performance cleaning rags you’ve tried, for a mirror shine, or your money back. No hassle, gimmicks or questions asked.
- Vacuum – A dust extraction vacuum will help you clean up stray tile particles after you finish.
- ❤【LARGER CAPACITY】Stanley SL18116P Wet / Dry Vacuum has a larger capacity over 22 L, makes small clean-up jobs a breeze for you as you don’t have to empty the bucket frequently any more.Runtime: 300.0 hours
- ❤【VERSATILE & POWERFUL】Thanks to the 4 peak HP motor, this vac offers powerful enough suction needed to almost any cleanup jobs in vehicle, jobsite, workshop, garage, basement, van, house, etc
- ❤【3 in 1 FUNCTION】With this versatile vac you can vacuum both wet liquid spills and dry debris, dust, saw, dirt or blow leaves away(use blower port), just organize the hose and power cord on top handle and side wraps after using, conveniently
- ❤【FARTHER CLEANUP】With over 16 ft of cleaning reach(6 ft hose, 10 ft power cord and 3 pieces of extension wands) it’s easy to do a farther cleanup for you without unplugging the unit, while it has four swivel casters for convenient and easy manoeuvrability
- ❤【WHAT YOU GET】Stanley SL18116P Wet / Dry Vac x 1, 1-1/4"x6’ super flexible hose x 1,extension wands x 3, gulper nozzle, floor nozzle x 1,crevice nozzle x 1,foam filter x 1, dust bag x 1, reusable dry filter x 1, 12-Month Warranty
- Hammer – When drilling larger holes, you’ll need a hammer for the drill-and-tap method we explain below.
- Mr. Pen 8oz Hammer, Made from High Density Carbon Steel, Anti-rust and Durable
- Ergonomic Non-Slip Soft handle
- Perfect Size, Easy to Carry, convenient for work
- Magnetic Nail starter and Hammer Claw to easily remove nail
- Ideal for woodworking, DIY Projects, Either at Home or Shop
- Center punch or concrete nail – You can score the tile’s surface and get your hole started easier with one of these.
- DRILL PUNCH TOOL: This 6-Inch Automatic Center Hole Punch is the perfect centering punch device to help start screw and drilling holes. Align the tip of this metal hole punch on a variety of hard surfaces to create center holes for fasteners.
- ADJUSTABLE HOLE-PUNCH TOOL: The spring-loaded center-punch design uses spring tension that can be modified and adjusted for light or heavy marking, punching, or staking. Change the strike force any time to match the surface you are working with.
- QUALITY MATERIALS: With a chrome-plated shank body and a hardened S2 steel tip, this corrosion-resistant wood-and-metal punch tool can withstand high-impact punches and force. The knurled, nonslip cap gives you a firm one-handed grip on the tool.
- EASY ONE-HANDED USE: This one-handed automatic center punch needs only your hands—no hammer required. Use the S2 tip on a sturdy surface to center where you want the starter hole, and punch the tool downward to create the drill marker.
- COMPACT SIZE: This automatic one-hand punch is small enough to fit in any toolbox or pocket. Carry it with you from job to job for a convenient and easy starter drill bit. You can also use this as a spring-loaded glass breaker for emergencies.
- Water or cutting oil – Keep some room temperature water or cutting oil nearby in case your drill bit starts overheating.
- Use for drilling, tapping, milling - any cut on any metal when a biodegradable cutting fluid is called for in your environment
- Highly effective for hard metals such as stainless steel. Will not stain or change the properties of even soft metals such as aluminum
- Dissipates heat rapidly and provides closer tolerances
- Yields an ultra-fine finish and promotes longer tool life
It’s also a good idea to wear safety equipment to protect your eyes, ears, lungs and hands:
- Eye protection – Keep tile dust from getting in your eyes by wearing sealed safety goggles or at least a pair of work glasses or a face shield.
- SCOTCHGARD ANTI-FOG COATING has an active ingredient that bonds to the lenses to help keep them clear longer than regular coatings, based on 3M internal testing
- DESIGNED FOR CHALLENGING SITUATIONS such as hot and humid conditions, indoor and outdoor work, physically demanding tasks, and climate-controlled areas.
- COMFORT: Low profile protective eyewear provides soft nose bridge and padded temples for added comfort
- ANSI Z87: Meets the High Impact Requirements of CSA Z94.3-2007 and the High Impact Requirements of ANSI Z87.1-2020.
- POLYCARBONATE LENSES absorb 99.9% UV rays.
- Ear protection – Diamond cutting through porcelain can get noisy, so bring some earmuffs or earplugs to protect your ears.
- ULTRA COMFORTABLE - Made with super low-pressure, slow release, Comfy Cush Comfort Foam. Their user preferred color is as easy on your eyes as they are on your ears
- ULTRA NOISE BLOCKERS – With a Noise Reduction Rating (NRR) of 33 decibels, these versatile, noise blocking earplugs are great for sleeping, studying, work, travel, concerts, relaxation, motorcycling, loud events, etc
- #1 BRAND FOR SNORING, SLEEPING AND TO PROTECT HEARING - Mack’s is the #1 doctor recommended brand of foam earplugs to protect hearing and to get a good night’s sleep when sleeping with a snoring spouse
- #1 BRAND USED BY DOCTORS - Mack’s is the #1 brand of foam earplugs personally used by doctors. Trust the brand that doctors trust
- MADE IN THE USA – Proudly made in the USA with safe, high performance, noise reducing foam. Satisfaction guaranteed. The plastic jar is safety-sealed and features a convenient flip-open top for easy dispensing
- Lung protection – Breathe as little tile dust as possible by wearing a dust mask or a respirator when glass, porcelain or stone particles are flying.
- NIOSH APPROVED: For at least 95 percent filtration efficiency against certain non-oil based particles
- COMPATIBLE: With a variety of protective eyewear and hearing protection
- ADJUSTABLE NOSECLIP: Reduces potential for eyewear fogging and helps provide a custom and secure seal
- TWO-STRAP DESIGN: With welded dual point attachement that helps provide a secure fit.
- APPLICATIONS: Gringing, sanding, sweeping, bagging, and other dusty operations.
- Hand protection – Protect your small joints and digits with some sturdy work gloves when using spinning or striking tools.
- HIGH PERFORMANCE TASK SPECIFIC WORK GLOVE - The number one selling Ironclad work glove
- HAND SAFETY - Thermoplastic rubber knuckle protection provides impact and abrasion protection across the knuckles
- SECURE FIT - Adjustable Hook and Loop Closure provides a secure custom fit for ideal performance
- SWEAT MANAGEMENT FEATURE - Terry cloth sweat wipe conveniently located on the back of the thumb allows you to stay focused on the job at hand with one wipe of the brow
- MACHINE WASHABLE - Machine wash cool. Air drying is recommended in order to keep the size consistent with its original form from time of purchase
Prepare Your Wall
Cutting into tile is impossible to undo, so make sure you get your measurements perfect before spinning up the drill. If you’re mounting hardware that requires two or more holes, like a towel rack, use your level to ensure that all the holes line up.
Much like wood tends to split if you hammer in a nail too close to one side, tiles have a greater chance of cracking if you drill near any of the edges. Try to place your holes as close to the centers of the tiles as possible.
Tile surfaces are slippery, and it can be hard to keep your drill bit in place. The slightest hand tremor or concentration lapse could make you accidentally scratch the tile or even crack it in two. You can prevent this with a simple strip of tape.
Fixing a strip of tape over the spot on the tile where you plan to drill will give you a number of advantages. It’s easier to mark your hole’s location accurately on tape than directly on the tile where it can rub off with the slightest contact. More importantly, starting your hole on a piece of tape placed over the tile will give your drill bit a little extra traction that will keep it from moving around and missing the spot or marring the tile’s surface with ugly scratches.
Painter’s tape is a bit easier to clean up than most other kinds of tape because it won’t leave any sticky residue on the tile that you have to scrape off later. If you don’t have painter’s tape, you can use masking tape.
Once you’ve measured the general location where your hole needs to go, finish preparing your wall by cutting two strips of tape about as long as your thumb. Place them over your drill site in an X shape. Measure the exact location once again, and use your felt-tip pen to mark a dot on the tape right where you need to drill.
How to Drill a Hole in Tile
Tiles are made to survive a lot of wear and tear, so drilling into them can be challenging. You’ll need plenty of patience and a steady hand as you work your way through the process. Don’t be tempted to rush, or you could permanently scar your surface.
- If you’re drilling into a porcelain tile, get your hole started by placing a concrete nail or center punch on the mark on your tape. Tap it lightly with your hammer just enough to take some of the glaze off the tile to make it easier for the drill bit to slide in.
- Line up your carbide or diamond-tipped drill bit with your mark. Start drilling gently and slowly to make sure your hole ends up exactly where you need it. Fast speeds create a lot of friction all at once, which can dull a carbide bit or even end up cracking the tile. You want constant gentle pressure for at least the first two or three seconds as your drill bit works its way through the glass glaze.
- Once your drill bit has made a shallow groove in the tile, it will be better able to cling to the tile material. At this point, you can increase your pressure and drill speed a little although you still shouldn’t go full blast.
- Carbide-tipped drill bits are prone to overheating, which can wear them out quickly. Try to keep your carbide bit running cool all the time. If you feel it start to overheat, splash some water onto it or dip the carbide tip into your container of cutting oil. Never let the water or oil get on or around the motorized part of your drill. You may need to cool down a carbide bit after every 15 to 30 seconds of drilling. Make sure you wipe any water or oil residue off the bit before you resume drilling.
- Diamond-tipped bits are a lot less high maintenance. They won’t damage as easily with heat and friction. If you feel your diamond bit getting hot, just give it a few seconds to cool down before you continue.
- Once the drill bit cuts all the way through the tile, you’ll feel the resistance change. That’s how you know it’s time to replace your diamond or carbide bit with a standard bit more suitable to whatever material lies behind the tile. If you keep using a heavy-duty bit on a soft wall, you can rip open the hole more than you need to, which can result in loose wall anchors and a flimsy hardware installation.
- Unless your wall is made of stone or some other exceptionally hard material, use your standard twist bit and a slightly higher drill speed to extend your hole into the wall as much as necessary.
- When you feel your hole is deep enough, rip the tape off the tile, vacuum up any dust residue and work the wall anchor into place so that you can mount your hardware.
Drilling a Larger Hole With the Drill-and-Tap Method
If you’re installing a plumbing stub-out or other hardware that requires a hole larger than your biggest drill bit, here’s a little geometric trick you can use if you don’t have a carbide hole saw kit.
- With your measuring tape and marker, draw a circle on the tile outlining exactly where you want the large hole to be.
- Use the above technique to drill a series of small holes close to each other around your marked outline.
- Lightly tap around the inside of the perimeter of your circle of holes with your hammer. Be patient; this can take a few minutes. Eventually, after enough gentle taps, the center of your circle of holes will break apart from the rest of the tile. The edges might be a bit rough, but you can use a decorative plate to hide them if necessary.
- The drill-and-tap method works beautifully whether you need a circular, square or rectangular hole in your tile.